Urinary tract / bladder infections


Urinary tract infections

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is commonly known as a bladder infection. But actually the urinary tract is the whole system that produces, stores and expels urine – and the bladder is just one part of this system.

The urinary tract system includes:

  • Kidneys- which form urine
  • Bladder- which stores the urine
  • Ureters tubes that carry the urine from the kidneys to the bladder
  • Urethra- the tube from the bladder that passes out the urine
A Urinary Tract Infection is caused by bacteria that attach to the lining of the urinary tract, causing inflammation and irritation. Women are more prone to urine infections than men as their urethra is shorter and opens nearer the anus, so it’s easy for bacteria to be transferred from the bowel to the urinary tract.

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A urinary tract infection may cause:
  • Inflammation and pain, making it difficult to pass urine
  • Bacteria to be present in your urine, even though you do not have any symptoms
  • Cystitis - an inflammation or infection of the bladder lining
  • Kidney infection – although this is not common. Sometimes a kidney infection can cause vague symptoms such as feeling generally unwell. More severe symptoms may include adbominal pain or backache, blood in your urine, fever, nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhoea.

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